The Archaeology of North Carolina

North Carolina Archaeological Time

The Archaic Period in North Carolina : COAST || PIEDMONT || MOUNTAINS

Coastal Plain and Coast

Numerous Archaic sites have been discovered on the North Carolina coast and Coastal Plain. Unlike the Piedmont, where Archaic sites with stratified contexts have been excavated, the coastal Archaic is known primarily from surface collections.

Diagnostic spear point styles recognized in the Piedmont are duplicated in the artifact collections from the coast.

Archaic sites (base camps and small temporary sites) are widely scattered and can be found nearly anywhere near water. The number of sites generally increased through time. During the Late Archaic period, settlement shifted away from upland tributary streams toward the mouths of major rivers. Here hunting and fishing led to larger and more sedentary camps where pottery making and horticulture began.

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