The Archaeology of North Carolina

North Carolina Archaeological Time

The Paleo-Indian Period in North Carolina

PALEO-INDIAN CHRONOLOGY || PALEO-INDIAN SETTLEMENT AND SUBSISTENCE

THE COAST || THE PIEDMONT || THE MOUNTAINS

Coastal Plain Paleo-Indian

Ocean levels were 150 feet or more lower during the last glacial period. During Paleo-Indian times the coast was 230 to 300 miles from the Piedmont. Today, the Paleo-Indian sites near the coast 10,000 to 12,000 years ago lie submerged and Paleo-Indian sites found near today's coast represent adaption to what was then the central Coastal Plain.

The Coastal Plain probably had deciduous forests dominated by beech and hickory. Climate was cooler and wetter than day, perhaps very similar to the modern climate of New York.

Paleo-Indian points have been found only sporadically in the Coast and Coastal Plain, with less fifty sites known. In part this is because the region has not been surveyed as extensively as other regions of North Carolina.

©2010 UNC-RLA